Étiquette : science (page 1 of 2)

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“A number of researchers have analysed various selection methods and suggested that incorporating randomness has advantages over the current system, such as reducing the bias that research routinely shows plagues grant-giving, and improving diversity among grantees1.”

Source : Science funders gamble on grant lotteries

“On trouve dans le monde académique beaucoup de chercheurs qui ont le sentiment de ne jamais en faire assez. Ils passent leurs week-ends dans leur labo. Ils s’épuisent au travail. Le doute, c’est bien. Trop de doute, c’est malsain. Je le sais, je suis passé par là. Il faut lutter contre ce penchant délétère.”

Source : Pierre Vandergheynst, maître de la pensée computationnelle à l’EPFL – Le Temps

“On Monday, researchers will tell the world’s largest annual meeting of neuroscientists that some scientists working on organoids are “perilously close” to crossing the ethical line, while others may already have done so by creating sentient lumps of brain in the lab. “If there’s even a possibility of the organoid being sentient, we could be crossing that line,” said Elan Ohayon, the director of the Green Neuroscience Laboratory in San Diego, California. “We don’t want people doing research where there is potential for something to suffer.””

Source : Scientists ‘may have crossed ethical line’ in growing human brains | Science | The Guardian

“Interviews with 30 attendees revealed a pattern in the stories people told about how they came to be convinced that the Earth was not a large round rock spinning through space but a large flat disc doing much the same thing. Of the 30, all but one said they had not considered the Earth to be flat two years ago but changed their minds after watching videos promoting conspiracy theories on YouTube.”

Source : Study blames YouTube for rise in number of Flat Earthers | Science | The Guardian

“Recent studies have shown that stigmergy is not necessary to explain concerted construction: Green et al. showed that worker aggregation rather than the previously suspected presence of cementation pheromone localized excavation work sites in termites, and Bruce found no behavioural response to freshly excavated soil that would contain a digging pheromone were it an organizing factor in excavation in leafcutter ants. Eciton army ants, which self-assemble into bridges to cross trail gaps, gauge the necessity to reinforce or leave these structures based purely on the rate of physical contact with passing workers with no evidence of stigmergic processes.”

Source : Infrastructure construction without information exchange: the trail clearing mechanism in Atta leafcutter ants | Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

«L’American Psychological Association a récemment résumé les précédentes découvertes sur les jeux vidéo violents en indiquant qu’ils présentaient un risque en termes de rapport à autrui, notamment d’agressivité accrue et de diminution de l’empathie. Cette étude contredit clairement cette conclusion».

Source : Une étude scientifique conteste le lien entre violence et jeux vidéo

«Les prétentions à la suzeraineté de ces plates-formes, pour reprendre la formule de Alain Supiot (2) dans Gouverner par les nombres, doit être combattue par la souveraineté des États (comme le fait le RGPD) pour contraindre ces plates-formes à remettre dans le domaine public toutes les données et traces qui sont à leur disposition, données produites par le public et qui méritent d’être reprises, traitées et contrôlées par des organismes scientifiques publics avant d’être mises à disposition des chercheurs dans des conditions précises comme c’est le cas pour les recensements (et donc avec des limites). Les principes de la science ouverte risquent fort de rester des vœux pieux si on ne s’attaque pas dès maintenant à cette prédation des données par l’oligopole de l’attention que constituent les GAFAMT» – Dominique Boullier.

Source : Facebook et la recherche : le « quasi État » | InternetActu.net

«The most basic problem is that researchers often don’t share their source code. At the AAAI meeting, Odd Erik Gundersen, a computer scientist at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim, reported the results of a survey of 400 algorithms presented in papers at two top AI conferences in the past few years. He found that only 6% of the presenters shared the algorithm’s code. Only a third shared the data they tested their algorithms on, and just half shared « pseudocode »—a limited summary of an algorithm. (In many cases, code is also absent from AI papers published in journals, including Science and Nature.)».

Source : Missing data hinder replication of artificial intelligence studies | Science | AAAS

«The Trump administration has stepped up its assault on environmental protections by halting a US$1-million study on the health risks of coal mining — casting a pall on academic freedom».

Source : Closure of US coal study marks an alarming precedent : Nature News & Comment

« October 30th, 2010 marks the day that my sister Amy and I founded Meta on a mission to unlock scientific knowledge and accelerate the pace of discovery. In six years, through the hands and minds of our talented team of engineers and scientists, we figured out how to use artificial intelligence to analyze new scientific knowledge as it’s published – along with the majority of what has been written, throughout modern history. Those efforts have led us to today.I am excited to announce that Meta will be joining the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative to bring what we have built to the entire scientific community, toward their goal to cure, prevent, or manage all diseases by the end of the century ».

Source : Meta – AI for Science

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