Étiquette : united states (Page 3 of 11)

“There is the next frontier in political advertising: your personal location data, collected from apps you’ve downloaded that then take this sensitive information and sell it to third parties — including political campaigns. Love it or hate it, digital strategists see this location data as part of the future of political campaigns, as candidates and advocacy groups harness your personal whereabouts and leverage it to try to win your support. One campaign might know if you’ve passed by one of their lawn signs recently. Another might track whether you’ve been in a specific Catholic church in Dubuque, Iowa. Forces behind Trump, who three years ago said he considered data to be “overrated” in politics, are exploring this next iteration of digital campaign tools. And with the incumbent president’s vastly superior resources and innate appetite for digital experimentation, many leading Democrats are concerned that it is the GOP — not the digitally pioneering party of Barack Obama — that is mastering Silicon Valley’s tricks ahead of what’s expected to be the most expensive US presidential election ever.”

Source : How Trump allies are using your phone’s location to try and win your vote – Vox

Un enfant regardant un smartphone.

“Le temps d’écran n’est pas seulement excessif, il est extravagant. Aux Etats-Unis, on est à près de trois heures par jour à 3 ans, quatre heures quarante entre 8 et 12 ans et six heures quarante entre 13 et 18 ans. En France, les enfants de 6 à 17 ans passaient en moyenne, en 2015, quatre heures et onze minutes par jour devant un écran, selon l’étude Esteban menée par Santé publique France. D’autres données diffèrent un peu, mais elles sont toutes dans des fourchettes équivalentes, et, dans tous les cas, dans des proportions très élevées. Seulement 6 % à 10 % des enfants ne sont pas touchés.”

Source : Michel Desmurget : « La multiplication des écrans engendre une décérébration à grande échelle »

La démocrate Elizabeth Warren a fait du démantèlement des GAFA l’un des points clés de son programme économique.

“Mme Warren propose, elle, d’emprunter la voie politique : faire voter un texte qui désigne comme « plateform utilities » les plates-formes qui réalisent plus de 25 milliards de dollars de chiffre d’affaires. Il serait alors interdit d’être « joueur et arbitre » c’est-à-dire de posséder l’une d’entre elles tout en développant une activité dessus : sont visés les produits d’Amazon, Apple Music, Apple TV+, Google Shopping, Google Maps…”

Source : Face à la domination des GAFA, les défis du démantèlement

‘The American companies’ moves are likely to escalate tensions between Washington and Beijing, elevating fears that President Donald Trump’s goal is to contain China, triggering a protracted cold war between the world’s biggest economies. In addition to a trade fight that has rattled global markets for months, the U.S. has pressured both allies and foes to avoid using Huawei for 5G networks that will form the backbone of the modern economy.“The extreme scenario of Huawei’s telecom network unit failing would set China back many years and might even be viewed as an act of war by China,” Koontz wrote. “Such a failure would have massive global telecom market implications.”’

Source : Trump Huawei Ban Ripples Across Industry as Supplies Halted – Bloomberg

Navy aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan conducting an exercise in the South China Sea in August.

“Chinese hackers are breaching Navy contractors to steal everything from ship-maintenance data to missile plans, officials and experts said, triggering a top-to-bottom review of cyber vulnerabilities. A series of incidents in the past 18 months has pointed out the service’s weaknesses, highlighting what some officials have described as some of the most debilitating cyber campaigns linked to Beijing. Cyberattacks affect all branches of the armed forces but contractors for the Navy and the Air Force are viewed as choice targets for hackers seeking advanced military technology, officials said.”

Source : Chinese Hackers Breach U.S. Navy Contractors – WSJ

Algorithms and their unintended consequences for the poor 1

“I think we have a tendency to think about these tools as sort of naturally creating these efficiencies because the speed of the technology is such that it creates the appearance of faster and easier. But in fact, you really have to know a lot about how these systems work in order to build good tools for them and to interrupt the patterns of inequity that we’re already seeing.”

Source : Algorithms and their unintended consequences for the poor – Harvard Law Today

Waymo California

“Waymo’s permit includes day and night testing on city streets, rural roads, and highways with posted speed limits of up to 65 mph. “Our vehicles can safely handle fog and light rain, and testing in those conditions is included in our permit,” the company says. “We will gradually begin driverless testing on city streets in a limited territory and, over time, expand the area that we drive in as we gain confidence and experience to expand.” Waymo won’t offer rides to the public right off the bat; the company is close to launching its first commercial taxi service using its fleet of autonomous minivans in Phoenix, Arizona. ”

Source : Waymo gets the green light to test fully driverless cars in California – The Verge

Twitter

“Cette affaire, comme beaucoup d’autres, illustre une nouvelle fois la difficulté qu’a Twitter à modérer son réseau social. Malgré les avalanches d’annonces ces dernières années visant à faire de cette plate-forme un espace de discussion plus « sain », Twitter a échoué à supprimer une menace de mort signalée par la personne ciblée – et n’a réagi que lorsque l’auteur de ce message a fait les gros titres. Malgré les efforts annoncés par Twitter, les messages de haine, les menaces et le harcèlement parviennent à subsister sur le réseau social.”

Source : Colis piégés aux Etats-Unis : Twitter s’excuse d’avoir laissé en ligne des menaces du suspect

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