Étiquette : hypercentrality (Page 1 of 19)

The Smoking Gun in the Facebook Antitrust Case


“The most revealing insight comes from the summer of 2011, when the company was gearing up to fend off the threat of Google’s rival platform, Google+. The complaint quotes an email in which Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg wrote, “For the first time, we have real competition and consumers have real choice … we will have to be better to win.” At the time, Facebook had been planning to remove users’ ability to untag themselves in photos. One unnamed executive suggested pumping the brakes. “If ever there was a time to AVOID controversy, it would be when the world is comparing our offerings to G+,” they wrote. Better, they suggested, to save such changes “until the direct competitive comparisons begin to die down.” This is close to a smoking gun: evidence that, as Srinivasan hypothesized, Facebook preserves user privacy when it fears competition and degrades privacy when it doesn’t.”

Source : The Smoking Gun in the Facebook Antitrust Case | WIRED

La Californie attaque elle aussi le monopole de Google en justice


“Le ministère l’accuse ainsi de forcer les consommateurs et les annonceurs à utiliser ses services sur les appareils sous Android via des applis qu’il est impossible d’effacer (comme Google Maps), ce qui restreint considérablement la concurrence. Pour rappel, Google avait écopé d’une amende de 4,3 milliards d’euros en 2018 de la part des autorités européennes de la concurrence pour pratiques déloyales dans l’écosystème Android, afin de renforcer sa position dominante, notamment dans le domaine de la recherche sur internet.”

Source : La Californie attaque elle aussi le monopole de Google en justice

The FTC seeks to break up Facebook


After writing about the potential breakup of Facebook for years, it’s somewhat surreal for me to see the prospect actually arrive. But it’s here: the Federal Trade Commission voted 3-2 to sue Facebook for illegally maintaining a monopoly in social networking, arguing it has used acquisitions and harsh restrictions on third-party developers to prevent competitors from ever gaining a foothold.

If successful, the FTC’s case — which was joined by 46 states, the District of Columbia, and Guam — could force the company to divest itself of Instagram and WhatsApp, radically reshaping the digital economy. The move comes less than six weeks after the Department of Justice filed an antitrust lawsuit accusing Google of also maintaining an illegally monopoly on search.

“For nearly a decade, Facebook has used its dominance and monopoly power to crush smaller rivals and snuff out competition, all at the expense of everyday users,” said Letitia James, New York’s attorney general. “Today, we are taking action to stand up for the millions of consumers and many small businesses that have been harmed by Facebook’s illegal behavior.”

Source : The FTC seeks to break up Facebook – Platformer

“The UK launch in January will build on the success Facebook News has seen in the US, where we’ve found more than 95% of the traffic Facebook News delivers to publishers is new audiences that have not interacted with those news outlets in the past. Facebook is committed to supporting news organisations as they adapt to the changing digital world, and we are delighted to have so many partners working with us at this early stage. We’re in active negotiations to bring Facebook News to France and Germany as well, and we will continue to work with publishers in countries where market conditions and regulatory environments invite this kind of investment and innovation.”

Source : Stepping Up Our Investment in News in the UK – About Facebook


“Competitors like DuckDuckGo, a small search engine that sells itself as a privacy-focused alternative to Google, could never match Google’s tab with Apple. Apple now receives an estimated $8 billion to $12 billion in annual payments — up from $1 billion a year in 2014 — in exchange for building Google’s search engine into its products. It is probably the single biggest payment that Google makes to anyone…”

Source : Apple, Google and a Deal That Controls the Internet – The New York Times

“The U.S. Administration’s move to ban TikTok and WeChat for U.S. app stores is a direct attack on the Internet. It is an extreme measure that fundamentally undermines the foundation of the Internet. It’s especially a threat to the principles of openness and accessibility as well as its decentralized management. The Internet has no center. This type of top-down intervention is worrisome because – similar to efforts in China – it tries to impose a centralized management style that runs counter to how the Internet actually works.”

Source : Internet Society: U.S. Administration ban of TikTok and WeChat is a direct attack on the Internet | Internet Society

Contract for the Web

“The Web was designed to bring people together and make knowledge freely available. It has changed the world for good and improved the lives of billions. Yet, many people are still unable to access its benefits and, for others, the Web comes with too many unacceptable costs. Everyone has a role to play in safeguarding the future of the Web. The Contract for the Web was created by representatives from over 80 organizations, representing governments, companies and civil society, and sets out commitments to guide digital policy agendas. To achieve the Contract’s goals, governments, companies, civil society and individuals must commit to sustained policy development, advocacy, and implementation of the Contract text.”

Source : Contract for the Web

“Nous pensons que vouloir faire payer Google pour des absurdités liées au référencement est une très mauvaise idée pour la presse en ligne. La Directive droit d’auteur est d’ailleurs si mauvaise et si peu adaptée aux enjeux modernes que Google peut refuser légalement de payer une redevance en incluant un opt-in — beaucoup de médias, ceux du groupe Humanoid inclus, sont d’ailleurs déjà prêts, d’après Mind News.Plutôt que de demander rémunération pour justifier l’immobilisme, nous appelons la presse à se poser les bonnes questions pour se transformer efficacement et envisager un avenir où Google n’est qu’un cadre de plus pour référencer du journalisme de qualité.”

Source : Pourquoi nous ne voulons pas que Google nous paie pour référencer nos articles – Société – Numerama

« Depuis le 18 octobre, début des arrêts de travail inopinés à la SNCF, trois comptes ouverts depuis plusieurs années sur le réseau social américain par SUD Rail ont vu leur accès restreint voire bloqué pour l’un d’entre eux. Selon le troisième syndicat de la SNCF, il s’agit des comptes SUD Rail Fédération, Sud Rail centraux et SUD Rail Paris Nord qui rassemblent, cumulés, plusieurs milliers d’abonnés ».

Source : SNCF : Facebook restreint les comptes des syndicats SUD Rail et CGT cheminots – Le Parisien

La démocrate Elizabeth Warren a fait du démantèlement des GAFA l’un des points clés de son programme économique.

“Mme Warren propose, elle, d’emprunter la voie politique : faire voter un texte qui désigne comme « plateform utilities » les plates-formes qui réalisent plus de 25 milliards de dollars de chiffre d’affaires. Il serait alors interdit d’être « joueur et arbitre » c’est-à-dire de posséder l’une d’entre elles tout en développant une activité dessus : sont visés les produits d’Amazon, Apple Music, Apple TV+, Google Shopping, Google Maps…”

Source : Face à la domination des GAFA, les défis du démantèlement

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