“The DWeb also comes with some significant legal and regulatory risks. It would make policing cybercrime, including online harassment, hate speech and child abuse images, even more difficult because of its lack of central control and access to data. A centralised web helps governments make large corporations enforce rules and laws. In a decentralised web, it wouldn’t even necessarily be clear which country’s laws applied to a particular website, if its content was hosted all around the world. This concern brings us back to debates from the 1990s, when legal scholars were arguing for and against the influence national laws could have on internet regulation. The DWeb essentially reflects the cyber-libertarian views and hopes of the past that the internet can empower ordinary people by breaking down existing power structures.
Decentralised systems also don’t necessarily abolish unequal power structures, but can instead replace one with an another. For instance, Bitcoin works by saving records of financial transactions on a network of computers and is designed to bypass traditional financial institutions and give people greater control over their money. But its critics argue that it has turned into an oligopoly, since a large percentage of Bitcoin wealth is owned by a very small number of people.”
“Web2 refers to the version of the internet most of us know today. An internet dominated by companies that provide services in exchange for your personal data. Web3, in the context of Ethereum, refers to decentralized apps that run on the blockchain. These are apps that allow anyone to participate without monetising their personal data. Web3 benefits Many Web3 developers have chosen to build dapps because of Ethereum’s inherent decentralization: Anyone who is on the network has permission to use the service – or in other words, permission isn’t required. No one can block you or deny you access to the service. Payments are built in via the native token, ether (ETH). Ethereum is turing-complete, meaning you can pretty much program anything”
«One of the many advantages of having a robot run your organization is that it is immune to any outside influence as it’s guaranteed to execute only what it was programmed to. And because the Ethereum network is decentralized, you’ll be able to provide services with a 100% uptime guarantee».
«PeerTube ne centralise pas : il fédère. Grâce au protocole ActivityPub (utilisé aussi par la fédération Mastodon, une alternative libre à Twitter) PeerTube fédère plein de petits hébergeurs pour ne pas les obliger à acheter des milliers de disques durs afin d’héberger les vidéos du monde entier. Un autre avantage de cette fédération, c’est que chacun·e est indépendant·e. Zaïd, Catherine, Solar et vous-même pouvez avoir vos propres règles du jeu, et créer vos propres Conditions Générales d’Utilisation (on peut, par exemple, imaginer un MiaouTube où les vidéos de chiens seraient strictement interdites 🙂 )».
«Two myths currently limit our collective imagination: the myth that advertising is the only possible business model for online companies, and the myth that it’s too late to change the way platforms operate. On both points, we need to be a little more creative. While the problems facing the web are complex and large, I think we should see them as bugs: problems with existing code and software systems that have been created by people — and can be fixed by people» – Tim Berners-Lee.
«These dominant platforms are able to lock in their position by creating barriers for competitors. They acquire startup challengers, buy up new innovations and hire the industry’s top talent. Add to this the competitive advantage that their user data gives them and we can expect the next 20 years to be far less innovative than the last. What’s more, the fact that power is concentrated among so few companies has made it possible to weaponise the web at scale» – Tim Berners-Lee.
«Finding the killer apps of the decentralized internet will take more time, people, and money than have been thrown at the problem so far. Pakman says that societal attitudes to power and big tech companies appear to be in the right place to deliver them. ‘There’s massive distrust in centralized everything,’ he says. ‘We don’t trust the government, don’t go to church or synagogue, don’t trust banks and now we no longer trust tech companies.’»
According to Pirate Bay’s founder, more innovation and decentralization is required. ipfs There are already plenty of new technologies that could make torrent sites more decentralized. Zeronet and IPFS, for example.