“Fisher was quite right to highlight the need to think about the future. We must, after all, weigh up our chances and make our decisions. But, as his contemporary John Maynard Keynes famously remarked, sometimes “we simply do not know”. And since Fisher was eventually ruined, while Keynes died a millionaire, a little agnosticism comes in very handy. In any case, we must learn to live with uncertainty. Perhaps we should obsess less about the question, “Will it happen?” and devote more thought to what we would do if it did.”
Un algorithme peut-il prédire les crimes ? Les forces de police américaines s’équipent depuis plusieurs années de logiciels censés détecter le lieu des futurs crimes et délits. Leur succès tient pourtant davantage du marketing que de leur efficacité prédictive.
The agreement gives DeepMind access to a wide range of healthcare data on the 1.6 million patients who pass through three London hospitals run by the Royal Free NHS Trust – Barnet, Chase Farm and the Royal Free – each year. This will include information about people who are HIV-positive, for instance, as well as details of drug overdoses and abortions. The agreement also includes access to patient data from the last five years.
Sur des domaines où la sociologie ou les sciences sociales ont déjà un passé, on ne voit pas beaucoup de choses très concluantes sortir de l’analyse de données.